Headaches refer to pain in any location of the head. They can be described as sharp, throbbing, or dull. They can be isolated, on one or both sides, or even have a vice-like sensation.

There are four types of headaches: vascular, tension, traction, and inflammatory. The most common type of vascular headache is a migraine, which is usually characterized by severe pain on one or both sides of the head, an upset stomach, and at times, disturbed vision.

The average headache can be caused by a number of things and is not a symptom of an underlying disease. These headaches can be the result of problems with the pain-sensitive structures in your head, chemical activity in your brain, or muscles in your head and neck. Lifestyle factors that can lead to a headache may include:

  • Alcohol
  • Certain foods
  • Changes or lack of sleep
  • Poor posture
  • Skipped meals
  • Stress

Some headaches, referred to as secondary, may be a symptom of a certain disease or condition. External Compression Headache, Sinus Headache, Spinal Headache, and Thunderclap Headache are all types of secondary headaches.

Some of the conditions that may trigger a secondary headache include:

Acute sinusitis

Arterial tears

Blood clot in the brain

Brain aneurysm

Brain AVM

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Chiari malformation


Congenital heart disease

Dental problems

Ear infection


Giant cell arteritis




Intracranial hematoma



Monosodium glutamate

Overuse of pain medication

Panic attacks and panic disorder

Post-concussion syndrome

Pressure from headgear

Pressure inside the skull


Trigeminal neuralgia


Depending on the source of your headache, it can be treated a number of ways from medication, to lifestyle changes, to home remedies. Contact South Lake Pain Institute today and Dr. Paez can get you on the road to feeling yourself again.